icons definition computer
Because they are used in multiple locations on the screen, the design must remain recognizable at the smallest size, for use in a directory tree or title bar, while retaining an attractive shape in the larger sizes. These commercial icons serve as functional links on the system to the program or data files created by a specific software provider. Programs might display their icon not only as a desktop hyperlink, but also in the program title bar, on the Start menu, in the Microsoft tray or the Apple dock. You can use them as icons on your desktop, on your websites or as graphics in your presentations, for a greater visual impact. Icons are considered an essential part of the church and serve as mediums of instruction for the uneducated faithful through the iconostasis, a screen shielding the altar. Free icons +83,000 Free vector icons for personal and commercial use.Download in .PNG, .EPS and .SVG format. Download 238,807 computer icons. Some of the most common icons on the desktop include those for My Computer, Recycle Bin, your Internet browser (e.g., Internet Explorer), and My Documents.On the Windows desktop, you can find the Windows Start menu through the Start on the taskbar, and the Windows Notification Area.. Research has shown iconographic motion can act as a powerful and reliable visual cue, a critical property for icons to embody.. ), and for web pages.  In activating an icon, the user can move directly into and out of the identified function without knowing anything further about the location or requirements of the file or code. PCMag, PCMag.com and PC Magazine are among the federally registered trademarks of Ziff Davis, LLC and may not be used by third parties without explicit permission. Through color it should also provide some visual indicator as to the icon state; activated, available or currently not accessible ("greyed out"). , Over time, certain GUI widgets have gradually appeared which are useful in many contexts. Designing Tips: When selecting a font or font for titles, subtitles and body text, use easy to read fonts for the simple and effective graphic design. Simple icon editors and image-to-icon converters are also available online as web applications. In its primary function as a symbolic image, the icon design should ideally be divorced from any single language. Another GUI icon is exemplified by the smiley face, a pictogram embedded in a text message. Find out more here. Scott McCloud (1994). This category includes stylized drawings of objects from the office environment or from other professional areas such as printers, scissors, file cabinets and folders. The user can activate an icon using a mouse, pointer, finger, or recently voice commands. The area of a display screen where images, windows, icons and other graphical items appear. Computer desktop synonyms, Computer desktop pronunciation, Computer desktop translation, English dictionary definition of Computer desktop. See more. A computer that is designed to be used at a desk or table and is not easily moved, in contrast to a laptop or other portable device. The icon needs to be clear and easily recognizable, able to display on monitors of widely varying size and resolutions. An icon or ikon (from the Greek Îµá¼°ÎºÏÎ½ eiká¹n 'image, resemblance') is a religious work of art, most commonly a painting, in the cultures of the Eastern Orthodox, Oriental Orthodox, the Roman Catholic, and certain Eastern Catholic churches. The image below is an example of the Microsoft Windows 7 desktop. This is different from an icon with animated graphics, such as a Throbber. top (dĕsk′tŏp′) n. 1. A text hyperlink performs much the same function as the functional computer icon: it provides a direct link to some function or data available on the system. This need for recognition in turn sets specific design restrictions on effective computer icons. In Windows, the desktop includes a task bar, which is located at the bottom of the screen by default. Restart your computer after each uninstallation. The detailing of the icon image needs to be simple, remaining recognizable in varying graphical resolutions and screen sizes. Below are some common desktop icons. 1. right click on desktop -> go to properties -> then click on desktop -> in bottom of the screen there is customize desktop button click on this -> select my computer tab (mark on this).  Given this wide availability of icon tools and icon sets, a problem can arise with custom icons which are mismatched in style to the other icons included on the system. Using a new icon is simply a matter of moving the image into the correct file folder and using the system tools to select the icon. An icon is a symbol. These icons were first developed for computers in the 1980s as a response to the limited storage and transmission bandwidth used in electronic messaging. " It is only at the beginning of the 21st century that personal computing is evolving a new metaphor based on Internet connectivity and teams of users, cloud computing. The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) has defined "Graphical symbols for use on equipment", published as IEC 417, a document which displays IEC standardized icons. Synecdoche is considered as a special case of metonymy, in the usual sense of the part standing for the whole such as a single component for the entire system, speaker driver for the entire audio system settings. The Signified can have multiple natures: virtual objects such as Files and Applications, actions within a system or an application (e.g. b. A further type of computer icon is more related to the brand identity of the software programs available on the computer system. If you see a gray X over your Windows Desktop shortcuts, try these tips: Right-click on your Desktop and select Refresh. Another organization invested in the promotion of effective icon usage is the ICT (information and communications technologies), which has published guidelines for the creation and use of icons. The cloud metaphor is replacing the desktop model; it remains to be seen how many of the common desktop icons (file, file folder, trashcan, inbox, filing cabinet) find a place in this new metaphor. These are graphical controls which are used across computer systems and can be intuitively manipulated by the user even in a new context because the user recognises them from having seen them in a more familiar context. This definition explains the meaning of desktop computer and how it works, including the important features it consists of and the history of the technology. Free Computer icons! in "Beyond the Desktop Metaphor: Designing Integrated Digital Work Environments". Icons help users quickly identify the type of file represented by the â¦ You can arrange the icons on the electronic desktop just as you can arrange real objects on a real desktop — moving them around, putting one on top of another, reshuffling them, and throwing them away. More Synonyms of icon. Available source files and icon fonts for both personal and commercial use. Note that icons vary in available resolution, so the images presented in the icon browser should not be taken as indicative of the maximum quality of an image. Rudolph Arnheim (1969). In Windows, the desktop includes a task bar, which is located at the bottom of the screen by default. (In Windows you could go to My Computer, open Tools on the explorer window, choose Folder Options, then File Types, select a file type, click on Advanced and select an icon to be associated with that file type.). The standardization of electronic icons is an important safety-feature on all types of electronics, enabling a user to more easily navigate an unfamiliar system. Clicking or tapping the icon selects the item. monitor, compact disk, mouse, printer etc...). the electronic desktop. (2) A small graphic symbol on screen that represents an action or a resource such as an application, file, folder, menu or setting. I assumed number 1 above meant that your files are only stored on the hard drive of the particular computer you are using. To redisplay the window, you merely move the pointer to the icon and click (or double click) a mouse button. in Handa, "Former Apple Designer Kare Testifies at Samsung Patent Trial", "Pygmalion: A Creative Programming Environment", "Lecture 6 Guest Lecture (David Canfield Smith)", "GUIdebook > Articles > "Designing the Star User Interface, "Custom Icons - Icons and Images - iOS - Human Interface Guidelines - Apple Developer", "Icons and Images, Human Interface Guidelines for iOS", Harrison, C., Hsieh, G., Willis, K. D. D., Forlizzi, J. and Hudson, S. E. "Kineticons: Using Iconographic Motion in Graphical User Interface Design. Icons are very useful in applications that use windows, because with the click of a mouse button you can shrink an entire window into a small icon. If you click an affiliate link and buy a product or service, we may be paid a fee by that merchant. Desktop definition is - the top surface of a desk; also : an area or window on a computer screen in which icons are arranged in a manner analogous to objects on top of a desk. An icon is a Signifier pointing to a Signified. icon - (computer science) a graphic symbol (usually a simple picture) that denotes a program or a command or a data file or a concept in a graphical user interface. Search more than 600,000 icons for Web & Desktop here. An icon editor resamples a source image to the resolution and color depth required for an icon. The computer monitor continues to display primary icons on the main page or desktop, allowing easy and quick access to the most commonly used functions for a user. Taskbar: The taskbar is a movable, concealable icon bar that is set on the very edge of the graphical user interface (GUI) desktop and serves as a launching pad for applications as well as a holder for icons indicating running programs. PCMag.com is a leading authority on technology, delivering Labs-based, independent reviews of the latest products and services. An icon is usually selectable but can â¦ The set covers a very broad range of topics, notions and objects that we all deal with on a daily basis. Flaticon, the largest database of free vector icons. There are a plethora of icon creation tools to be found on the Internet, ranging from professional level tools through utilities bundled with software development programs to stand-alone freeware. a file) a certain additional subsystem can add a smaller secondary icon, laid over the primary icon and usually positioned in one of its corners, to indicate the status of the object which is represented with the primary icon. [computing] Kate clicked on the mail icon on her computer screen. 2000. adj. Secondly, they offer all their icons in the .svg, .eps, .psd and .png formats. Search for: Icons in Word. Easily comprehendible icons will make use of familiar visual metaphors directly connected to the Signified: actions the icon initiate or the content that would be revealed. SMART â¦ The smiley, and by extension other emoticons, are used in computer text to convey information in a non-verbal binary shorthand, frequently involving the emotional context of the message. Computer Icons - Download 913 Free Computer icons @ IconArchive. They function in the same way as the hyperlink icons described above, representing functionality accessible on the system and providing links to either a software program or data file. Get free icons of Computer in iOS, Material, Windows and other design styles for web, mobile, and graphic design projects. See more. Icon, in Eastern Christian tradition, a representation of sacred personages or events in mural painting, mosaic, or wood. Icon editors used on these early platforms usually contain a rudimentary raster image editor capable of modifying images of an icon pixel by pixel, by using simple drawing tools, or by applying simple image filters. Now they are commonly bundled in widget toolkits and distributed as part of a development package. Other graphical devices used in the computer user interface fulfill GUI functions on the system similar to the computer icons described above. It includes the desktop background (or wallpaper) and icons of files and folders you may have saved to the desktop. Ready to be used in web design, mobile apps and presentations. After download one of â¦ Icon definition, a picture, image, or other representation. They are frequently scalable, as they are displayed in different positions in the software, a single icon file such as the Apple Icon Image format can include multiple versions of the same icon optimized to work at a different size, in colour or grayscale as well as on dark and bright backgrounds. These brand icons are bundled with their product and installed on a system with the software. Download icons in all formats or edit them for your designs. For example, the Microsoft MSDN defines the standard icon use of error, warning, information and question mark icons as part of their software development guidelines.. Small Computer Icons is a collection of high-quality handmade "all-about-computer" icons that will suit any type of application or website. Other functions performed by icon editors are icon extraction from executable files (exe, dll), creation of icon libraries, or saving individual images of an icon. Icons also provide rapid entry into the system functionality. in Handa, Pamela Ravasio and Vincent Tscherter (2007). The majority of icons are encoded and decoded using metonymy, synecdoche, and metaphor. In order to maintain consistency in the look of a device, OS manufacturers offer detailed guidelines for the development and use of icons on their systems. Symbol, which is related to its referent only by convention (letters, musical notation, mathematical operators etc.). snap a picture, delete, rewind, connect/disconnect etc...), action in the physical world (e.g. It can be literal—–like the little trashcan on your computer screen—–or metaphorical––as in a singer so well known by ten-year-olds, he's called a pre-teen pop icon. ", "GUI windows: definition, advantages, origin and future", List of graphical user interface elements, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Icon_(computing)&oldid=991229178, Srpskohrvatski / ÑÑÐ¿ÑÐºÐ¾Ñ ÑÐ²Ð°ÑÑÐºÐ¸, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Wolf, Alecia. "Emotional Expression Online: Gender Differences in Emoticon. icon. Examples of these are the power symbol and the USB icon, which are found on a wide variety of electronic devices. Each of these elements needs to be evaluated for their meaning and relevance across all markets targeted by the product.. (noun) In a graphical user interface, a picture on the screen that represents a specific file, directory, window, or program. The desktop is the primary user interface of a computer. In the context of software applications, an icon often represents a program, a function, data or a collection of data on a computer system. The following is a list of raster graphic applications capable of creating and editing icons: Media related to Software icons at Wikimedia Commons, This article is about the computer graphic. Download icons in all formats or edit them for your designs. For instance, the subsystem for locking files can add a "padlock" overlay icon on an icon which represents a file in order to indicate that the file is locked. Because of the design requirements, icon creation can be a time-consuming and costly process. To regulate the use of these brand icons, they are trademark registered and are considered part of the company intellectual property. The Windows desktop contains a range of icons, some of which appear when you install Windows 7, and some that appear when you install new programs. In designing software operating systems, different companies have incorporated and defined these standard symbols as part of their graphical user interface. Windows, icons, menus and pointing device (WIMP) denotes a style of computer-human interaction involving the aforementioned elements of the graphical user interface (GUI) which is the most common interaction method being used by desktop computers today. Since then they have become both abundant and more sophisticated in their keyboard representations of varying emotions. Beyond text, there are other design elements which can be dependent upon the cultural context for interpretation. Roland Barthes, (1969). An image; a representation. Search from Computer Icon stock photos, pictures and royalty-free images from iStock. Additionally, a group of icons can be categorised as brand icons, used to identify commercial software programs and are related to the brand identity of a company or software. For example, a blue "e" on your screen most likely repersents the Internet Explorer program. Using these widgets, a user is able to define and manipulate the data and the display for the software program they are working with. Metaphors, Metonymy and Synecdoche are used to encode the meaning in an icon system. If you want to use it, you move the cursor onto the icon using a mouse. The system icons currently in use have typically gone through widespread international acceptance and understandability testing. For other uses, see. Download now more than 133,902 icons of computer in SVG, PSD, PNG, EPS format or as webfonts. Victor Kaptelinin and Mary Czerwinski (2007). n. In each of these locations, the primary purpose is to identify and advertise the program and functionality available. To browse the available stock icons, install the development packages for GTK version 2.x and run gtk-demo. An individual who is known for their authentic personality and individual aesthetic. Even with these evolving display systems, the icons themselves remain relatively constant in both appearance and function. Clicking on an icon will start the associated program or open the associated file, directory, or â¦ Also called desktop computer. Zenon W. Pylyshyn and Liam J. Bannon (1989). However, if one is creating an application in the Windows API he or she can simply add a line to the program's resource script before compilation. All been replaced with the other design details, the desktop is the process of designing a symbol... The colors used, of both the image below is an example of the more visually icons! To easily pick out on the display screen, and contrast well any! Letters or words to convey their meaning and relevance across all markets by. ], system warning icons also belong to the program or data files created by specific. Electronic messages to substitute for and frequently supplant voice-to-voice messaging designers seldom icons... 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